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No.180
17 February 2003

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Statistics That Matter
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1999 Incomes Report

Work

Employed and Unemployed

Part-Time and Full-Time Work

Income

Sources of Income

Income from the Market

Income from Benefits

Distribution of Gross Income

Distribution of Market Income

Distribution of Benefits

Age

Employment and Age

Income and Age

Benefits and Age

Ethnic

Income and Ethnic
Benefits and Ethnic

Education

Employment and Education

Benefits and Education

"Growing Gap Between Rich and Poor"

The Jobs Letter commentary on the 1999 Incomes Report

excel.gif - 1224 Bytes
A Microsoft Excel file
of all the data behind these figures can be downloaded from here.

Employment and
Unemployment in NZ



December 2002

The official unemployed rates are an internationally recognised figure for unemployment based on the Household Labour Force Survey run by Statistics New Zealand.
These are the latest figures for December 2002.


Official Unemployment in NZ

ONE IN TWENTY PEOPLE OFFICIALLY UNEMPLOYED IN NZ

OFFICIAL NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED IN NZ
December 2002 seasonally adjusted
98,000 people

dec02smallunemployment.gif - 2435 Bytes

OFFICIAL RATE OF UNEMPLOYED
December 2002 seasonally adjusted
4.9%
OR ONE IN 20 PEOPLE

DROP IN NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
IN LAST THREE MONTHS

September 2002 to December 2002
8,000 people

. DROP IN NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
IN THE LAST YEAR

December 2001 to December 2002
7,000 people

Source Statistics NZ
OFFICIALLY UNEMPLOYED IN THE REGIONS
December 2002
NORTHLAND 8.5% or one in 12 people
AUCKLAND 4.0% or one in 25 people
WAIKATO 5.4 or one in 19 people
BAY OF PLENTY 6.6% or one in 15 people
GISBORNE - HAWKES BAY 5.7% or one in 18 people
TARANAKI 5.5% or one in 18 people
WANGANUI - MANAWATU 3.8% or one in 26 people
WELLINGTON 5.0% or one in 20 people
NELSON - MARLBOROUGH TASMAN - WEST COAST 4.1% or one in 24 people
CANTERBURY 4.2% or one in 24 people
OTAGO 5.3% or one in 19 people
SOUTHLAND 3.9% or one in 26 people
Source Statistics NZ


REGIONS WITH A DROP IN UNEMPLOYMENT
IN THE LAST THREE MONTHS

September 2002 to December 2002
Auckland
Taranaki
Wanganui/Manawatu
Bay of Plenty
Canterbury
Otago

REGIONS WITH NO CHANGE IN UNEMPLOYMENT
Waikato

REGIONS WITH A RISE IN UNEMPLOYMENT
Northland
Gisborne/Hawkes Bay
Wellington
Nelson/Marlborough/
Tasman/West Coast
Southland



Registrations at Ministry of Social Development
(formerly Winz)

PEOPLE REGISTERED AS JOB SEEKERS
WITH MINISTRY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

December 2002
168,337

NOTIFIED VACANCIES
for month of December 2002
Figures Unavailable

Source Ministry of Social Development



The Underemployed

December 2002
113,000 people

According to Statistics NZ, the underemployed are workers who are employed part time but would prefer to work more hours



The Employed

NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN JOBS IN NEW ZEALAND
December 2002 seasonally adjusted
1,886,000 people

dec02small employment.gif - 2523 Bytes

RISE IN THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN JOBS IN LAST 3 MONTHS
September 2002 to December 2002
8,000

RISE IN THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN JOBS IN LAST YEAR
December 2001 to December 2002
44,000 people

SECTORS WITH A RISE IN EMPLOYMENT IN LAST YEAR
Wholesale & Retail Trade, Construction, Education, Business & Financial


SECTORS WITH A DROP IN EMPLOYMENT IN LAST YEAR
Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing, Manufacturing, Health & Community Services,Transport, Storage & Communication,



Full-time and Part-time

GAIN IN FULL-TIME EMPLOYED
IN THE PAST YEAR

December 2001 to December 2002
40,000 people

Full Time Employment
dec02qtrsmallfulltimeemployment.gif - 2499 Bytes

GAIN IN PART-TIME EMPLOYED
IN THE PAST YEAR

December 2001 to December 2002
2,000 people

Part Time Employment
dec02qtrsmallpartimeemployment.gif - 2675 Bytes

... Full-time Part-time
Men 924,300 (89%) 114,000 (11%)
Women 556,000 (64%) 310,800 (36%)
Total 1,480,300 424,800
Overall % 78% 22%
Source Statistics NZ



Global Unemployment Rates

SPAIN 12.0%
ITALY 8.9%
FRANCE 8.9%
GERMANY 8.5%
CANADA 7.5%
OECD AVERAGE 7.1%
AUSTRALIA 6.2%
UNITED STATES 6.0%
JAPAN 5.5%
BRITAIN 5.1%
NEW ZEALAND 4.9%


Officially Jobless

"Those without a job
and wanting a job ..."

These are the statistics that are more commonly used by community workers and employment activists in New Zealand because they more accurately reflect the people who are their concern or clients.

These "Jobless" figures are also based on the Household Labour Force Survey run by Statistics NZ, but include a wider definition of unemployment, usually referred to "those without a job and wanting a job".

ONE IN TWELVE PEOPLE OFFICIALLY JOBLESS IN NZ

According to Statistics NZ, the difference between the official "unemployment" figures and the "jobless figures" is that many of the people on the jobless measurement are available for work, but not actively seeking it.

The reasons for not actively seeking work range from people being discouraged because they lack the skills needed, or were the wrong age, or that the right work was not available in their area, or they were only looking for jobs in their newspaper. This measurement also includes those actively seeking work but not yet available for it.

OFFICIAL NUMBER OF JOBLESS IN NZ
December 2002
172,600 people

OFFICIAL RATE OF JOBLESS
December 2002
8.3%
OR ONE IN 12 PEOPLE

DROP IN NUMBER OF JOBLESS
IN LAST THREE MONTHS

September 2002 to December 2002
4,000

DROP IN NUMBER OF JOBLESS
IN THE LAST YEAR

December 2001 to December 2002
11,000 people

Source Statistics NZ
JOBLESS IN THE REGIONS
December 2002
NORTHLAND 14.0% or one in 7 people
AUCKLAND 6.8% or one in 15 people
WAIKATO 9.3% or one in 11 people
BAY OF PLENTY 11.1 or one in 9 people
GISBORNE - HAWKES BAY 12.2% or one in 8 people
TARANAKI 9.6% or one in 10 people
WANGANUI - MANAWATU 6.9 or one in 14 people
WELLINGTON 8.4% or one in 12 people
NELSON - MARLBOROUGH TASMAN - WEST COAST 6.6% or one in 15 people
CANTERBURY 7.2% or one in 14 people
OTAGO 10.9% or one in 9 people
SOUTHLAND 7.0% or one in 14 people
Source Statistics NZ



Labour Force Participation Rate

LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATE
December 2002
66.3%

Labour Force Participation Rate

dec02qtrsmalllfparticip.gif - 3013 Bytes
Source Statistics NZ


Race / Ethnic

MAORI RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT
December 2002
11.4%
or one in 9 Maori people

PACIFIC ISLAND RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT
December 2002
8.2%
or one in 12 Pacific Island people

NZ EUROPEAN (PAKEHA) RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT
December 2002
3.3%
or one in 30 NZ European (Pakeha) people

Unemployment Rate
By Ethnic Group
dec02ethnic.gif - 2941 Bytes
Source Statistics NZ


Age Rates and Long-term Unemployment

YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
-- AGED 15-19 YEARS

December 2002
16.0%
or one in 6 young people

MATURE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
-- AGED 50-65 YEARS

December 2002
3.2%
or one in 31 mature people

LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYED (over 6 months)
December 2002
25,500 people
26% or one in 4 of the unemployed

LONGER-TERM UNEMPLOYED (over 2 years)
December 2002
5,400 people
6% or one in 18 of the unemployed

VERY LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYED (over 5 years)
December 2002
1,500 people
2% or one in 65 of the unemployed

Source Statistics NZ


The Schemes and Subsidised Jobs

TASKFORCE GREEN 407
JOB PLUS 3,217
JOB PLUS MAORI 87
JOB CONNECTION 86
ENTERPRISE ALLOWANCE 48
ENTERPRISE ALLOWANCE
with capitalisation
273
TRAINING OPPORTUNITY PROGRAMME
(TOPS) COURSES)
7,824 people
YOUTH TRAINING (T.E.C.) 5,490 people
LIMITED SERVICE VOLUNTEERS
(Army)
76 people
CONSERVATION CORPS 825 people
YOUTH SERVICE CORPS 126 people
ACTIVITY IN THE COMMUNITY
(still counted as unemployed)
786

Source figures from Ministry of Social Development (formerly Work & Income NZ),Tertiary Education Commission (formerly Skill NZ) and Youth Affairs


TOP


Latest Figures

OFFICIAL UNEMPLOYMENT IN NEW ZEALAND

REGISTRATIONS AT WINZ

THE UNDER-EMPLOYED

THE EMPLOYED

FULL-TIME AND PART-TIME

GLOBAL UNEMPLOYMENT RATES

OFFICIALLY JOBLESS

LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATE

RACE / ETHNIC UNEMPLOYMENT

AGE RATES AND LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT

SCHEMES AND SUBSIDISED JOBS

Long-Term Trends

Unemployment Seasonally adjusted

Unemployment Rate

Employment
Seasonally adjusted





Click for



Latest Labour Market Reports


— from the Labour Market Policy Group (LMPG) in the Department of Labour




Statistics NZ


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